About monasteries fell into this category. The Jesuits were given control of the Spanish and Italian Inquisitions. Their aim was to remove non-Catholics either by forced recantation or death and re-affirm Catholicism.
The Council of Trent sat for the first time. Protestantism was firmly repudiated and Catholic Doctrine clearly defined.
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In England the Book of Common Prayer was introduced. Queen Mary I restored Catholicism to England. Queen Elizabeth I restored Protestantism to England. The Geneva Bible was published.
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It was the first mechanically printed, mass produced bible. Printed in English it was compiled by a number of English scholars that had fled England under Mary I and sought refuge in Geneva, Switzerland. The King James Bible was published. Galileo was declared a heretic for supporting the scientific theories of Copernicus. Harvard Reference for this page: Heather Y Wheeler. Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Richmond — The Reformation Between and Europe faced consecutive religious wars which ended with the establishment of Protestantism as a constituent branch of the contemporary Christian religion.
Arguably the key promoter of the Reformation was Martin Luther who on October 31, posted his 95 Theses to the church door at Wittenberg, in Saxony, Germany.
The Protestant Reformation, (Book, ) [ypagywifucuc.ga]
Luther invited other scholars to debate him on the matter church policies and gained much attention. In , the Pope excommunicated Martin Luther and Luther responded by burning the papal decree in front of his students. When Luther emerged from his exile ten months later, many of his theories and reforms had been put into practice in the church.
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This is G. Elton's classic account of the Reformation, revealing the issues and preoccupations which seemed central to the age and portraying its leading figures with vigour and realism. About the Author G. Table of contents Maps. Preface to the First Edition.
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