Sort order. Oct 31, Amber rated it it was amazing Recommends it for: anyone interested in American religious history. Shelves: books-for-writing-research. Fantastic book. It covers religion in the American colonies up to the Revolutionary War.
- American Latino Theme Study: Religion (U.S. National Park Service).
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My only wish is that is had covered the Muslim religion as well. Mar 16, Laine Cunningham rated it really liked it. Totally great research book. I'm working on a New Adult series set in Colonial times about a girl coming to age in a Puritan Community. This work placed her life in a great overview of the time period. Although I found the introduction poorly written, each chapter has a specific focus, and each chapter was very well organized, clearly written, and included plenty of real anecdotes pulled from historical papers.
Actually compelling at points as it provided some real human insight into the spiritu Totally great research book. Actually compelling at points as it provided some real human insight into the spiritual beliefs and the intermixing of various religions in the new country over quite a large swath of time. Really an exceptional work. May 10, Steve Wiggins rated it really liked it. A quick introduction to a fascinating subject.
This will give you further groups to read about and will reveal part of America's rich religious texture.
American Latino Theme Study: Religion
Further comments at: Sects and Violence in the Ancient World. Feb 10, Marsha rated it it was amazing. A basic primer in the origin of Americanized Christianity. Excellent for undergraduates or the general public. His faith impressed his slave owner so much that he was freed and provided passage back to Africa, receiving a royal welcome in England on the way. The Islam brought to America by enslaved Africans did not survive long, but it left traces that are still visible today.
Interviews of formerly enslaved people collected by the Works Progress Administration in the s contain reminiscences of rice cakes called saraka , which were handed out during rituals and feast days. From the Arabic word sadaqah , or freewill offering, this charity is an aspect of zakat , one of the Five Pillars of Islam. They use sweeping and extended vocalizations to fill the words with intense emotions. To see an example of the ring shout from Georgia, begin the video at Courtesy of the Library of Congress. Enslaved Muslims were brought to the United States with distinct cultural and religious beliefs.
They succeeded in forming networks and communities, and they maintained their religious identity despite overwhelming odds. As Katie Brown, the great-granddaughter of Bilali Mohammad, recalls, these objects were an integral part of their religious practice and identity. Belali and his wife Phoebe pray on the bead. They was very particular about the time they pray and they very regular about the hour. When the sun come up, when it straight over head and when it set, that the time they pray. They bow to the sun and have [a] little mat to kneel on.
The beads is on a long string. Objects remain essential to the African American Muslim community today. Interested in learning more about the history of African Muslims in the United States? Want to learn more about the Quran? View this digital copy hosted by the University of Michigan. Their abhorrence of physical violence led them to embrace an unconditional adherence to pacifism, even in a time of war when national security required military service. Instead, the principles of equality, simplicity, and pacifism guided their daily lives. Attired in plain black, gray, and white clothes, Quakers viewed civil disobedience as a matter of religious faith, presenting a serious threat to England's social hierarchy and order.
As a result, the British Parliament enacted a series of repressive religious measures known as the Clarendon Code. The strictures elevated Anglicanism to "established church" status and declared all other religious observances to be "non-conformist" and, hence, illegal.
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Unwilling to compromise their beliefs, as many as 13, Quakers were persecuted, and more than died as a result of severe imprisonment or torture. A trustee of the West Jersey colony, Penn began to see the New World as a possible haven from the religious persecution of the Old World. In , he petitioned the Crown for a North American colony where he hoped to establish a "holy experiment.
Was Penn embarking on a trial that suggested a scientific experiment and, if so, was he experimenting with selfgovernment, religious liberty, and pacifism? Or was he referring to a religious experience dedicated to the free worship of God by any faith whatsoever? There are indications that Penn intended to do both.
In this sense, his holy experiment was a religious experience grounded in an unshakable belief in toleration and clearly unique among colonies. The Puritans, who established New England a half century earlier, emphasized social homogeneity and religious uniformity, excluding those not of the same mind. Roman Catholics tried to create religious toleration in Maryland under the leadership of Lord Cecil Calvert in , but they were overthrown in when the Glorious Revolution of William and Mary prevailed in England.
Three years later, in , the Maryland Assembly established the Church of England as the official religion of the colony and Maryland's experiment with religious toleration ended.
Entrepreneurs seeking to enrich themselves by exploiting the natural resources of the land settled the southern colonies of Virginia and the Carolinas. Although they came from a variety of faiths, religion was a secondary concern for them. Penn's vision was more inclusive than any of these colonies and it was inextricably tied to his desire to create a society where people of differing faiths would not only enjoy the freedom to worship as they wished but to participate actively in a government that guaranteed that right.
Let men be good and the government cannot be bad. If government becomes ill, good men will cure it. Pennsylvania's first constitution organized the government into three parts: the governor, who was Penn acting as the proprietor of the colony, or a deputy in his absence; a seventy-two member Provincial Council; and a General Assembly with two hundred members.
While the proprietor held his office by heredity, the council and the assembly were elected by the freemen of the colony. Freedom of elections was expressly ensured and the right to vote was extended to virtually all free inhabitants, regardless of whether or not they were landholders. Penn's understanding of religious freedom cannot be confused with the modern definition of the term, which ensures civil liberties to all, regardless of faith.
New World Faiths: Religion in Colonial America - Jon Butler - Google книги
There were exceptions in Penn's colony. Although the Frame of Government guaranteed the freedom to worship, voting and office holding were restricted to most Christians, those who professed a belief in Jesus Christ as "the Son of God and the Savior of the World. Settling in Philadelphia, Jews held their religious services in private homes until they established the Mikveh Israel congregation in By that time there were Jews living in Reading, Lancaster, and Easton as well.
Penn also denied Catholics the right to vote or hold political office, believing they would defer to the dictates of the pope in Rome, a foreign power. Nevertheless, Catholics were attracted to Pennsylvania, especially after when Maryland established Anglicanism as the official religion and punished priests and lay members for conducting worship services. Relocating to Philadelphia, Catholics worshipped in private homes until when St. Joseph's Church was established near Fourth and Walnut Streets. Restrictive measures against Catholics and Jews continued after when Penn issued a new constitution, the Charter of Privileges, even though it included a provision for the liberty of conscience to all who believed in God.
New World Faiths: Religion in Colonial America
Native Americans also presented a dilemma for Penn. Since the principle of brotherly love was at the heart of his holy experiment, he was determined to treat the Indians as friends. He speculated that the Lenni Lenape, the Delaware Indian tribe which inhabited the land, were "of the Jewish race," or "of the stock of the Ten Tribes" of Israel and as such were children of God and entitled to love and respect.
Penn expressed these intentions to the Indians in a letter before sailing to his new province. He also made an official policy of his government to purchase the land from the Indians, thereby extinguishing native title before any land was patented to white settlers. Knowing that many of his predecessors had warred with the Indians, Penn promised them fair treatment, an opportunity for a redress of their grievances and, above all, peace. To this end, he established a list of conditions for both the colonists and Quaker officials for their conduct in dealing with the Indians.
Among these concessions were sharing the land, trading goods of the same quality sold in the marketplace, and trial by jury. Although the latter provision was not practical because the Indians did not understand it, the concept did indicate Penn's sincerity in dealing with them. Penn's idealism had its limits, however.
While he believed the Indians were the spiritual equals of white men, Penn did not consider them of the same intellect. He was especially put off by their worship, which consisted of animal sacrifice and dancing around a fire while singing and shouting, customs he considered "savage. Like Jews and Catholics, Indians did not enjoy religious freedom in the present-day sense of the term.